The 1992 draft Defense Planning Guidance (DPG), crafted by then-Defense Department staffers I. Lewis Libby, Paul Wolfowitz, and Zalmay Khalilzad, is widely regarded as an early formulation of the...
Aaron Friedberg is an unabashed China hawk who previously served as a national security adviser to Vice President Dick Cheney.
A controversial opponent of legal representation for “war on terror” detainees, Aaron Harison is now the president of the neoconservative Center for American Freedom.
A student of the political theorist Leo Strauss currently based at the Hudson Institute, Shulsky served as a Pentagon advisor during the George W. Bush presidency, including heading the controversial Office of Special Plans.
Academi LLC is a controversial private military contractor that was formerly called Blackwater Worldwide and later Xe Services LLC.
Ahmed Chalabi, a controversial Iraqi political figure who passed away in late 2015, was known for his deep ties to U.S. neoconservatives and his efforts to promote the U.S. invasion of Iraq.
Akbar Atri, an exiled Iranian-American activist and a self-appointed spokesman for the Iranian student movement, has affiliated himself with several neoconservative pressure groups pushing regime change in Iran.
Israeli settlement advocate Alex Traiman is best known as the director of Iranium, an anti-Iran film widely ridiculed for its hearsay and Islamophobia.
A lecturer in Terrorism and Radicalisation at the War Studies Departmen at King’s College London, Meleagrou-Hitchens has worked for a number of hawkish think tanks including the Hoover Institute as well as several U.S.- and UK-based groups associated with the neoconservative network, including the Foundation for Defense of Democracies, Policy Exchange, and the Hudson Institute
Ali Alfoneh is a senior fellow at the neoconservative Foundation for Defense of Democracies and vociferous Iran hawk.
The Alliance for a Strong America is a hawkish advocacy group founded by Dick and Liz Cheney.
The American Center for Democracy is a neoconservative-linked nonprofit that claims to be “exposing and monitoring threats to the national security of the U.S. and Western democracies.”
The American Committee for Peace in the Caucasus is an alliance of neoconservatives, liberal hawks, and peace activists working toward greater autonomy in the Caucasus, primarily with an eye to weakening Russia for U.S. strategic benefit.
The American Committee for Peace in the Caucasus is an alliance of neoconservatives, liberal hawks, and peace activists working toward greater autonomy in the Caucasus, primarily with an eye to weakening Russia for U.S. strategic benefit.
The American Conservative Union is a “grassroots” lobbying organization that organizes the annual Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC).
The Washington-based American Enterprise Institute is a rightist think tank with a broad mandate covering a range of foreign and domestic policy issues that is known for its strong connections to neoconservatism and overseas debacles like the Iraq War.
From its support for Salvadoran death squads to its enthusiasm for sanctions on Iran and an aggressive “war on terror,” the American Foreign Policy Council has pushed a hawkish agenda on foreign affairs since its founding in 1982.
The American Islamic Congress (AIC) is a controversial Muslim advocacy organization with ties to right-wing and anti-Islamic groups.
the American Islamic Forum for Democracy is a right-wing advocacy group that describes itself as the “most prominent American Muslim organization confronting the ideologies of political Islam.”
The American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC), one of the more effective U.S. lobbying outfits, aims to ensure that the United States backs Israel regardless of the policies Israel pursues.
Once described as the “heart and soul of the military-industrial complex,” the American Security Council was an influential old-guard conservative group during the early Cold War that continues to press a conservative U.S. foreign policy vision.
The American Security Initiative is a hawkish group that has created alarmist ads about the alleged nuclear threat of Iran.
The American Turkish Council is an influential beltway organization chaired by former Bush Deputy Secretary of State Richard Armitage that serves as a conduit for U.S.-Turkish relations despite being marred by scandals involving bribery of government officials.
About . Founded in 2001 by then-Bradley Foundation head Michael Joyce at the behest of Karl Rove, George W. Bush's personal adviser, Americans for Community and Faith-Centered Enterprise...
Americans for Peace and Tolerance is a Boston-based advocacy group founded by "pro-Israel" and anti-Islamic activist Charles Jacobs.
Founded shortly after 9/11, the now defunct Americans for Victory over Terrorism championed “victory” in the “war on terrorism,” in part by promoting “research about Islam and Islamism” and “attacking those who would blame America first.”
Iranian-born writer Amir Taheri has a history of making suspicious claims about Iran that have been used by neoconservatives to bolster the case for attacking that country.
The idiosyncratic social theorist and founder of the Communitarian Network thinks the United States should bomb Iran and “unshackle” the troops in Afghanistan.
Amoretta Hoeber, an advisor to the Frank Gaffney-run Center for Security Policy, runs a small Maryland-based defense consultancy firm. Hoeber is a former Reagan-era defense official who has been...
A neoconservative pundit and former federal prosecutor, McCarthy argues that Islam is inherently radical and thus a threat to the United States.
Andrew Natsios, a fellow at the neoconservative Hudson Institute, opposed the distribution of AIDS drugs in Africa as the Bush administration’s USAID director.
Andrew Walworth is TV producer who served as executive producer of Ideas in Action, a weekly TV program hosted by James Glassman and produced by the George W. Bush Institute and Grace Creek Media.
Applebaum, a program director at the London-based Legatum Institute and a former American Enterprise Institute fellow, writes a column for the Washington Post in which she has revealed an on-again-off-again affinity for U.S. military interventions, including pushing the idea that President Obama must be prepared to go to war with Iran.
Human rights specialist Anne Bayefsky has carved out a niche lambasting the UN Human Rights Council for not meshing with her “pro-Israel” politics.
The Israel-based Ariel Center for Policy Research is a right-wing advocacy and research institute founded in 1997 that espouses a militant ideology and is associated with conservative “pro-Israel” advocacy groups in the United States.
Arthur Waldron is a well-known China-hawk based at the University of Pennsylvania who argues that the United States must be willing to rollback Chinese influence in Asia.
An academic center of the American conservative movement, the Ashbrook Center for Public Affairs has been a vigorous defender of the war on terrorism and an unequivocal supporter for Israel.
Ashton Carter, an academic and longtime Pentagon bureaucrat who served as deputy secretary of defense in the Barack Obama administration, has a history of supporting controversial counter-proliferation proposals.
Ayaan Hirsi Ali is a fellow at the American Enterprise Institute who has a made a career denouncing Islam.
Barry McCaffrey is a retired U.S. Army general who has been accused of profiting on U.S. wars abroad while championing those same wars as a TV pundit.
Ben Wattenberg, a former AEI fellow and PBS talk show host, was a member of a core group of Democratic Party hawks who drifted to the right during the 1970s.
This now defunct speakers bureau and PR firm played an important role promoting neoconservative voices in the U.S. media after 9/11.
Benador Public Relations is the successor company to Benador Associates, a PR firm that played a key role promoting major neoconservative figures during the first George W. Bush administration.
Bernard Lewis was a renowned historian of Islam and the Middle East who stirred controversy with his often chauvinistic attitude towards the Muslim world and his associations with high-profile neoconservatives and foreign policy hawks.
Bernard Marcus, the billionaire co-founder of The Home Depot, is a major funder of neoconservative, anti-Iran and pro-Likud causes and public figures.
Cowan, a Fox News contributor and former military intelligence officer, is a member of the military committee of the Iran Policy Committee.
Bill Schneider is a former CNN political analyst currently based at Third Way, a Wall Street-linked Democratic think tank.
The Bipartisan Coalition for American Security is a nonprofit advocacy group founded to promote American “global leadership,” a robust U.S. defense budget, and an active and interventionist U.S. foreign policy.
The ostensibly centrist Bipartisan Policy Center has played an important role in shifting Beltway rhetoric on Iran to the hawkish right.
The Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation is a grant-making foundation that has been called "the country's largest and most influential right-wing organization.”
Bret Stephens is a columnist for the New York Times who previously worked at the Wall Street Journal and the neoconservative flagship magazine Commentary.
Brian Hook is the director of policy planning and senior policy advisor to Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and is the head of the Iran Action Group.
Brian Kennedy is the president of the Claremont Institute and senior adviser to the Bill Bennett-founded Americans for Victory over Terrorism.
Brigette Gabriel, an anti-Islamic author and activist, is the founder of the right-wing group ACT! for America.
Bruce Jackson is an erstwhile military intelligence officer and defense industry executive with a long track record advancing hawkish U.S. defense policies and supporting neoconservative campaigns, with a particular focus on the countries of the former Soviet Union.
Neoconservative philanthropist and hedge fund entrepreneur Bruce Kovner is sometimes referred to as Geroge Soros’s right-wing twin.
An erstwhile socialist activist who became part of the burgeoning neoconservative community in the 1970s, Bruce McColm is today a leading anti-Iran activist and supporter of the terrorist-designated People’s Muhajedin of Iran (MEK).
Carl Gershman is the longtime head of the National Endowment for Democracy, the controversial “democracy promotion” foundation funded by the U.S. government.
Although favorably inclined toward philanthropy, Carol Adelman has offered misleading assessments about the magnitude of U.S. charitable giving and foreign aid.
Center for Security Policy alum Caroline Glick, a writer for rightwing outlets like the Jerusalem Post and Breitbart News, became a member of New Right Party in Israel with a view to running for the Knesset.
The Castle Rock Foundation was a major supporter of the Heritage Foundation and other right-wing institutions and causes.
A go-to security policy think tank for the Obama administration, the Center for a New American Security’s staff includes a host counterinsurgency enthusiasts, some of whom have supported neoconservative-led policy campaigns.
The Center for American Freedom, a neoconservative advocacy group, publishes the Washington Free Beacon, a “combat journalism” outlet designed to counter the supposedly liberal media elite.
The Center for Security Policy, a prominent member of the neoconservative advocacy community led by Frank Gaffney, has promoted extravagant weapons programs and an expansive “war on terror.”
Charles Hill is a former diplomat who has used his Foreign Service experience to craft a worldview friendly to neoconservatives.
China scholar Charles Horner, a fellow at the neoconservative Hudson Institute, see a looming conflict between China and the Islamic world.
Charles Jacobs is a Boston-based writer and political activist who has founded a number of groups devoted to policing criticism of Israel and warning about the dangers of "radical Islam."
Pundit Charles Krauthammer, who died in June 2018, was a staunch advocate of neoconservative policies and aggressive U.S. military actions around the world.
Charles M. Kupperman, long time defense contractor exec and neoconservative campaigner, served briefly as acting National Security Adviser in the Trump White House, where he became embroiled in the controversy over Trump's efforts to get Ukraine to investigate Joe Biden's son.
Charles “Chuck” Wald is a member and former chairman of the board of directors of the Bipartisan Policy Center (BPC), a policy advocacy organization that has a reputation of supporting hawkish security and defense policies, particularly with respect to Iran.
The conservative Democrat from Pennsylvania who served two terms in Congress now works for the same defense contractor—BAE Systems—that he assisted in gaining Pentagon contracts while in office.
Chris Griffin, the executive director of the neoconservative Foreign Policy Initiative, has also worked as a legislative director for Sen. Joe Lieberman and as a research fellow at the American Enterprise Institute.
Christians United for Israel (CUFI), the largest “pro-Israel” advocacy group in the United States, is known for its zealous Christian Zionism and its growing influence in the Republican Party.
Christopher Burnham is a former State Department official who worked as an adviser to former Gov. Mitt Romney’s 2012 presidential campaign.
Christopher Cox served as chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) in the second term of the George W. Bush administration; prior to that, he represented California in the House of...
Christopher DeMuth, the director of the neoconservative American Enterprise Institute, is a distinguished fellow at the right-wing Hudson Institute.
Chris Williams is a veteran defense lobbyist and former Pentagon official who was once described as Donald Rumsfeld’s "right-hand man."
Nash is a Fox News analyst, executive for military contractors, and advisor to several rightwing advocacy organizations, including the Center for Security Policy.
Citizens for a Nuclear Free Iran is an AIPAC-backed lobby group founded in 2015 to pressure members of Congress to oppose the Iran nuclear deal.
Clare Lopez is a former CIA officer and rightwing activist who has argued that the Muslim Brotherhood and a shadowy “Iran Lobby” are working to shape Obama administration policy.
A bastion of conservative scholarship and advocacy, the Claremont Institute hosts a number of programs that push hawkish foreign policies.
A controversial activist group closely connected to anti-Islamic and “pro-Israel” political factions, the Clarion Project has released films and publications that attack “Radical Islam” and call into question the trustworthiness of Muslims.
President of the neoconservative advocacy group Foundation for Defense of Democracies and a former New York Times correspondent, Cliff May has been a persistent advocate of hawkish U.S. policies toward Iran and an Israel-centric view of the Middle East.
Founded by AIPAC heavyweight Morris Amitay, the Coalition for Democracy in Iran is a defunct pressure group that helped push anti-Iran resolutions through Congress.
Cofer Black is a former CIA officer and Blackwater executive who worked on Mitt Romney’s 2008 and 2012 presidential campaigns, earning the moniker as the former governor’s “trusted envoy to the dark side.”
The Committee for the Liberation of Iraq was a short-lived yet influential group that strongly promoted the 2003 U.S.-led invasion of Iraq.
The Committee on the Present Danger (CPD) is a neoconservative Cold War-era pressure group the was re-launched in 2004 to focus on the “war on terror.”
Concerned Women for America is a right-wing Christian advocacy group that pushes conservative viewpoints on social, economic, and foreign policy issues.
Former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, a fellow at Stanford’s Hoover Institution, was closely associated with the government’s warrantless wiretapping and detainee interrogation programs.
Conrad Black is a former media mogul closely connected to rightist political factions in the United States who was convicted in July 2007 for fraud and obstruction of justice and later pardoned by his friend President Trump.
The Council for a Community of Democracies touted U.S. exceptionalism while urging international cooperation in overthrowing undemocratic regimes.
Members of the Reagan-era Council for National Policy continue to help shape the U.S. political landscape even as the rightwing group maintains a cloak of secrecy over its activities and membership rolls.
CUFI Action Fund is the lobbying arm of Christians United for Israel (CUFI), a leading right-wing Christian Zionist advocacy organization.
Since losing his bid for reelection while under investigation for his ties to an arms contractor, former Rep. Curt Weldon (R-PA) has been able to lobby more openly for defense industry interests, including in Libya.
Dan Blumenthal is an Asia specialist based at the neoconservative American Enterprise Institute.
Was Mitt Romney’s overseas misadventure his “potatoe” moment? Former VP Quayle’s most enduring legacy, besides having had William Kristol as his “brain,” is his record of verbal gaffes, against which numerous successive political figures have been compared.
Dan Senor is a cofounder of the neoconservative Foreign Policy Initiative and the former spokesman for the Coalition Provisional Authority in Iraq.
Daniel Gouré is vice president of the Lexington Institute, a conservative, defense-oriented think tank that is closely tied to military contractors.
Daniel Loeb is a well-known hedge fund manager and a key financial supporter of the Emergency Committee for Israel.
Daniel McKivergan is a former campaign staffer for John McCain and deputy director of the Project for the New American Century.
Founder of the Middle East Forum, Daniel Pipes is an influential advocate of militarist U.S. policies in the Middle East and a controversial critic of “lawful Islamism” in the West.
Danielle Pletka is the vice president of foreign and defense studies at the neoconservative American Enterprise Institute.
David Addington, who helped author the “torture memos” and other controversial legal documents while serving as an aide to Vice President Dick Cheney, left the right-wing Heritage Foundation to become VP and general counsel for the National Federation of Independent Business, a business lobby.
David Albright is the founder of the Institute for Science and International Security, a non-proliferation think tank whose influential analyses of nuclear proliferation issues in the Middle East have been the source of intense disagreement and debate.
New York Times columnist David Brooks espouses moderate views on domestic issues but tacks to the neoconservative right on foreign policy.
David Friedman is U.S. Ambassador to Israel under Donald Trump. He is known for his extreme views on Israel, which include opposition to the creation of a Palestinian state and support for Israeli settlements.
David Frum was a speechwriter for President George W. Bush who is credited with coining the phrase “axis of evil.”
Gompert, a former vice president of the RAND Corporation known for his hawkish views on defense, served briefly as President Barack Obama’s acting director of national intelligence before becoming a director at Pentagon contractor Global Integrated Security.
David Horowtiz, an erstwhile leftwing activist notorious for his vitriolic attacks on former comrades, has turned the demonization of Muslims into a lucrative enterprise.
Kramer is a Russia hawk who has served as the executive director of Freedom House, a U.S. government-funded democracy advocacy group that has been closely associated with neoconservative advocacy for decades.
Retired Admiral David Jeremiah, an adviser to the neoconservative Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs, worked as a consultant for Boeing even as he was advising the U.S. military to lease expensive refueling tankers from the aerospace giant.
David Makovsky, a fellow at the “pro-Israel” Washington Institute for Near East Policy, has been hawk on Iran, but largely quiet since Trump took office.
As a principle at the rightist William Rosenwald Family Fund and a board member for a host of neoconservative and “pro-Israel” outfits, David Steinmann has worked for decades to channel money to right-wing pressure groups.
A “pro-Israel” hawk and former Dick Cheney adviser who once championed taking the “war on terror” to Latin America, David Wurmser now promotes Israeli natural gas interests and supports a strike on Iran.
David Yerushalmi, a hardline anti-Muslim activist and the founder of the Society of Americans for National Existence, has been described as a “white supremacist” and a “Jewish fascist.”
When its tax-exempt status got in the way of aggressive lobbying, the Foundation for the Defense of Democracies created a new organization called Defense of Democracies, whose first project was a controversial ad campaign that raised concerns about partisanship.
The Democratic Leadership Council, which closed shop in 2011, was at the forefront of efforts to push the Democratic Party to adopt more conservative domestic policies and remain supportive of hawkish, Israel-centric Mideast policies.
Democratic Majority for Israel (DMFI) is a pressure group founded in early 2019 that serves as a watchdog and enforcer of Israel’s reputation in the Democratic Party.
Dennis Prager is a conservative radio talk show host and syndicated columnist who promotes the culture wars as well as America's overseas wars.
Dennis Ross, a U.S. diplomat who served in the Obama administration, is a fellow at the “pro-Israel” Washington Institute for Near East Policy.
A well regarded expert on military history who is not typically associated with rightist political causes, Dennis Showalter has advised the neoconservative-led Institute for the Study of War and Center for Security Policy.
The Deterrence Concepts Advisory Panel (DCAP) was established by the Bush administration to oversee production of the president's Nuclear Posture Review, which is a classified study...
Devon Gaffney Cross, a longstanding neoconservative activist, has reemerged as a supporter of Texas Governor Rick Perry’s presidential campaign and member of the heavily criticized advocacy group Secure America Now.
Former Vice President Dick Cheney was a leading framer of the “global war on terror” and a staunch supporter of aggressive U.S. military action around the world.
Dinesh D’Souza is a conservative writer and conspiracy theorist whose books and films have gained notoriety for their diatribes about the “culture wars” and fear-mongering narratives about liberals. D’Souza is also well known for his 2014 conviction on federal charges related to an illegal campaign fundraising scheme.
Donald Kagan is a leading historian of ancient Greece, an unabashed proponent of “Western civilization,” and an advocate of U.S. aggression overseas.
Since leaving office in the midst of the unpopular Iraq War, former Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld has periodically reemerged to champion torture, defense appropriations, and an expansive war on terror.
Since taking office Donald Trump has revealed an erratic and extremely hawkish approach to U.S. foreign affairs, which has been marked by controversial actions like dropping out of the Iran nuclear agreement that have raised tensions across much of the world and threatened relations with key allies.
Douglas Farah, a Latin America focused pundit, has been described as a “former Washington Post reporter turned right-wing foreign policy analyst.”
A former Pentagon official whose office generated faulty information that was used to push the United States toward war with Iraq, Feith is now at the neoconservative Hudson Institute, where he advocates hawkish strategic weapons policies.
Dov Zakheim is a retired defense contractor executive and Pentagon official whose views on foreign policy appear to veer between hardnosed realism and neoconservatism.
The Earhart Foundation is a conservative grant-making foundation that appears to shun publicity.
Rep. Ed Royce (R-CA) is the chair of the House Foreign Affairs Committee and a staunch supporter of sanctions on Iran.
Edward “Pete” Aldridge, a former defense industry executive and government adviser on arms control issues, embodied the “revolving door” between the Pentagon and the defense industry during the Bush administration, approving and counseling Pentagon acquisitions that benefited the corporations he worked for.
Edwin Feulner is the cofounder and former president of the right-wing Heritage Foundation.
Former attorney general Edwin Meese, regarded as one of President Ronald Reagan's closest advisers despite persistent allegations of influence peddling and bribery during his tenure, has been a consummate campaigner on behalf of rightist U.S. foreign and domestic policies. He currently serves as a distinguished visiting fellow at the conservative Hoover Institution.
Donald Trump's nominee for secretary of transportation was George W. Bush's secretary of labor and has worked at the Heritage Foundation and Hudson Institute.
A publicist who helped promote a plank of neoconservative writers after 9/11, Benador argues that the United States is being invaded by Muslims, that President Obama “and his people” committed “high treason” in his response to the killing of Afghan civilians by a U.S. soldier, and that Americans are suffering from an “endless deteriorating reality.”
Eli Lake is a columnist for Bloomberg View who has a lengthy record of advocating for aggressive U.S. foreign policies towards the Middle East.
A professor at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, Eliot Cohen has been described as "the most influential neocon in academe."
Rep. Liz Cheney (R-WY) has been an outspoken proponent of militarist U.S. foreign polices and the use of torture, aping the views of her father, Dick Cheney.
Elizabeth O'Bagy is a research analyst based at the neoconservative Institute for the Study of War who has also worked as the political director of a pro-intervention group linked to the Syrian rebels.
Bork, a project director at the Foreign Policy Initiative and the daughter of former Supreme Court justice nominee Robert Bork, has used her perch at FPI to continue the time-honored neoconservative tactic of organizing elite public sign-on letters to pressure public figures.
Elliott Abrams, the Trump administration’s special envoy to Venezuela, is a neoconservative with a long record of hawkish positions and actions, including lying to Congress about the Iran-Contra affair.
Elliott Broidy is an Israeli-American investor who chairs the Bipartisan Council for American Security.
A Brussels-based neoconservative writer and senior fellow at the Washington, D.C.-based Foundation for Defense of Democracies, Ottolenghi thinks that the United States must force “regime change” in Iran.
The Emergency Committee for Israel is a U.S.-based pressure group aligned with the Israeli right wing that has pushed the United States to attack Iran and smeared critics of hawkish Israeli policies.
Despite many challenges to its credibility, the work of this Congressional commission continues be cited by hardliners to revive Cold War-era fears of nuclear annihilation and justify aggressive policies toward Iran and North Korea.
The now-defunct Empower America, a right-wing pressure group founded by former Education Secretary William Bennett in 1993, was the predecessor to the Tea Party-aligned FreedomWorks.
An “unabashedly pro-Israel and pro-American think tank,” EMET promotes the work of “pro-Israel” hawks in Washington, stokes fear of Islam and Muslims, and advocates a militarist U.S. posture toward the Middle East.
Former Rep. Eric Cantor (R-VA) was among the most strident Israel boosters and foreign policy hawks in Congress.
Eric Edelman, undersecretary for defense in the George W. Bush administration and a board member of the neoconservative Foreign Policy Initiative, has long been associated with hawkish factions in U.S. politics, advising the likes of Dick Cheney, Donald Rumsfeld, and Mitt Romney.
Erik Prince, former CEO of the mercenary group Blackwater, continues to sell security services around the world as controversies over his work—including in China and the Middle East, and his alleged involvement in collusion between the Trump campaign and Russia—grow.
The post-Senate perch of Rick Santorum, EPPC sits at the crossroads of faith-based politics and hawkish neoconservativism.
Under a banner of tolerance and diversity, EFD works to promote hawkish security policies in Europe, the Middle East, and beyond.
A contributor to the right-wing WorldNetDaily who is fond of touting his off-road driving abilities, F. Michael Maloof is perhaps best known for his alleged role in helping produce faulty intelligence while working at the Pentagon’s notorious Office of Special Plans.
Affiliated with Frank Gaffney’s Center for Security Policy, Family Security Matters offered hawkish, anti-Islamic rhetoric under the guise of “empowering” Americans and protecting families.
Farid Ghadry, founder of the pro-regime change Reform Party of Syria, has been likened to a Syrian Ahmed Chalabi, in part because of his close relations with U.S. neoconservatives.
The Federalist Society, initially designed as a conservative alternative to the National Lawyers Guild, has blossomed into a powerful and influential group whose agenda includes promoting hardline anti-terror policies.
The Foreign Policy Initiative was a Washington D.C.-based advocacy group founded in 2009 by several high-profile neoconservative figures to promote militaristic U.S. policies in the Middle East.
The Foreign Policy Research Institute is a conservative foreign policy think tank based in Philadelphia.
The Forgotten American Coalition was a short-lived letterhead group founded in 2007 to rally religious conservatives against U.S. withdrawal from Iraq.
About The so-called Foster Panel--after its head, John S. Foster, Jr.--was established at the urging of Sen. Jon Kyl by the fiscal year 1999 Defense Authorization Act to report on the safety and...
The neoconservative Foundation for Defense of Democracies has re-established itself as a primary driver of hawkish foreign policy, especially in the Middle East, during the Trump administration.
The Foundation for Democracy in Iran, whose president has alleged that Iran was involved in the 9/11 attacks, frequently attackes Iranian-Americans who don’t share its hawkish views about the Islamic Republic.
Francis Fukuyama, a political scientist best known for his controversial "end of history" thesis, avidly supported the Iraq War but later became a high-profile critic of the neoconservative movement.
President Reagan’s Pentagon chief and an alleged conspirator in the assassination of former DRC Prime Minister Patrice Lumumba, Frank Carlucci now serves as an attack dog for Mitt Romney’s presidential campaign.
Frank Gaffney, director of the hardline neoconservative Center for Security Policy, is a longtime advocate of aggressive U.S. foreign policies, bloated military budgets, and confrontation with the Islamic world.
Fred Hiatt the Washington Post’s editorial page editor, has a track record promoting hawkish U.S. defense policies.
Fred Iklé, a distinguished scholar at the Washington, DC-based Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) and a former defense undersecretary, is an erstwhile Cold Warrior who has...
Fred Thompson, who passed away in late 2015, was a Republican Senator from Tennessee, a 2008 GOP presidential candidate, and TV actor.
Fred Fleitz left his role as chief of staff at the National Security Council under John Bolton to succeed notorious Islamophobe Frank Gaffney as president and CEO of the Center for Security Policy.
A foreign policy hawk known for his work shaping the 2007 Iraq “surge,” AEI fellow Frederick Kagan has authored numerous books and reports promoting long-term U.S. military intervention in the Middle East and Central Asia.
Although no longer as closely associated with neoconservative activism as it was during much of the last few decades, Freedom House continues to support campaigns aligned with hawkish factions in U.S. politics.
Freedom Watch, a pressure group led by right-wing activist Larry Klayman, promotes a hodgepodge of conservative foreign and domestic polices, claiming to be “the only political advocacy group that speaks through actions, rather than just words.”
Freedom’s Watch was a pro-Iraq War advocacy group supported by prominent Republican Party donors that worked to counter flagging public support for the “war on terror.”
FreedomWorks is one of several establishment Republican Party groups that have endeavored to claim the mantle of the Tea Party.
The Friends of Israel Initiative is a “pro-Israel” advocacy organization founded and chaired by former Spanish Prime Minister José María Aznar.
Gabriel Benador is the associate director of Benador Public Relations, the successor firm to Benador Associates, a public relations company that served as a key promoter of neoconservative ideologues after the 9/11 attacks and during the run up to the invasion of Iraq.
Christian Zionist leader and former GOP presidential candidate Gary Bauer has been a leading Islamophobic voice in U.S. politics.
Gary Becker was a conservative, Nobel Prize-winning economist known for applying economic theory to traditionally sociological concerns.
Gary Samore is a former adviser to the Obama administration whose experience includes serving as president of United Against Nuclear Iran, a pressure group that advocates sanctions against Iran.
Gary Schmitt is a resident scholar at the neoconservative American Enterprise Institute and a former director of the Project for the New American Century.
The brainchild of Sears-Roebuck heiress Nina Rosenwald, the Gatestone Institute is a New York-based advocacy organization formerly chaired by John Bolton that is notorious for spreading misinformation about Muslims and advocating extremely hawkish views on everything from Middle East policy to immigration.
Dutch parliamentarian Geert Wilders’ fierce anti-Islamic activism has made him a favorite of the American right.
A fellow at the Hudson Institute, Keyworth’s record includes working as an executive for defense contractors and serving as President Reagan’s science advisor, during which time he advocated for “Star Wars” missile defense.
Gertrude Himmelfarb, widow of the late neoconservative trailblazer Irving Kristol and mother of Weekly Standard editor William Kristol, is a conservative historian who has prescribed Victorian notions of morality as an antidote to a host of social ills.
Gina Haspel is the first woman to hold the position of director of the CIA, winning her confirmation despite her history of involvement in torture during the Iraq War.
Global Governance Watch is an organization affiliated with influential right-wing groups that monitors international organizations.
Global Governance Watch is an organization affiliated with influential right-wing groups that monitors international organizations.
Former weapons contractor executive Gordon England, Paul Wolfowitz’s replacement at the Pentagon in the second George W. Bush administration, has spent his years out of government stumping for costly weapons systems.
Grace Park Media has produced a number of rightist TV shows and documentaries, including a documentary on the history of neoconservatism written by a scholar at the American Enterprise Institute and James Glassman’s Ideas in Action.
Groundswell is an informal alliance of conservative activists, journalists, and policymakers seeking to coordinate right-wing messaging across a host of issues.
Haim Saban is a media mogul and major donor to the Democratic Party known for his hardline stance on Israel and opposition to the Iran nuclear deal.
Harold Agnew is a nuclear physicist who worked on both the creation of the first atomic weapons and on the project to build the hydrogen bomb. As a young member of the Manhattan Project, Agnew flew...
Harold Rhode is a retired Defense Department adviser based at the Gatestone Institute in New York, an advocacy group known for its promotion of anti-Islamic rhetoric and ideas.
Heather Wilson is a former congresswoman from New Mexico who backed the Bush administration’s efforts in Iraq, helped influence U.S. nuclear weapons policy, and enjoyed the support of defense contractors.
The former director of the U.S. Strategic Defense Initiative and a key right-wing opponent of Obama administration arms control initiatives, Cooper was recently given the “Ronald Reagan Missile Defense Award” by the Department of Defense’s Strategic Defense Initiative.
A bastion of trans-Atlantic neoconservatism and Islamophobia, the UK-based Henry Jackson Society promotes “regime change” in Iran and hardline "pro-Israel" policies in the Middle East.
Han Morgenstern is the president of Security Solutions International, a security firm that has taught Islamophobic training courses.
George Bush Senior’s assistant secretary of defense, Rowen is a fellow emeritus at the Hoover Institution, where he focuses on U.S and Asian security and development issues.
An advocate of hawkish strategic defense policies, Henry Sokolski has been a harsh critic of negotiations with Iran over its nuclear program.
The Heritage Foundation, a mainstay of the right-wing advocacy community, has long pressured the United States to adopt militaristic U.S. foreign policies
Herman Cain, a former GOP presidential nomination, has expressed a number of hawkish foreign policy positions, even if he tends to be rather hazy on the details.
High Frontier, a pressure group pushing for “Star Wars” missile defense systems, has deep connections to defense contractors, government officials, and prominent neoconservatives.
2016 Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton has a track record promoting aggressive U.S. military intervention in the Middle East and elsewhere.
Hillel Fradkin directs the Center for Islam, Democracy, and the Future of the Muslim World at the neoconservative Hudson Institute.
Hillel Neuer has guided UN Watch’s evolution from a “pro-Israel” critic of the United Nations to an outfit closely aligned with U.S. neoconservatives.
The Stanford University-based Hoover Institution has served for decades as an outside-the-beltway home for Republican Party apparatchiks and as an important source of militarist policy proposals.
The Hudson Institute, part of a closely-knit group of neoconservative policy institutes, that champions aggressive and Israel-centric U.S. foreign policies.
Ideas in Action was a rightist TV program co-produced by the George W. Bush Institute and Grace Creek Media that often featured prominent neoconservatives opining on U.S. domestic and foreign policy.
Ilan Berman is vice president of the American Foreign Policy Council, a think tank that promotes hawkish security polices and appears to be closely associated with the U.S. “Israel Lobby.”
Ilan Sharon, executive director of Minnesotans Against Terrorism and a member of the advisory board of the Clarion Fund, frequently lectures on the rise of radical Islam.
Rep. Illeana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL), former chair of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, is a leading ”pro-Israel” hawk in Congress.
The Immigration Reform Caucus is a mostly Republican coalition of House members that has sought to crack down on undocumented immigrants and stem the flow of even legal immigration.
The right-wing Independent Women’s Forum has a history of opposing virtually every “women’s rights” initiative since its founding in the early 1990s.
The Institute for Advanced Strategic and Political Studies is an enigmatic Israel-based organization with deep ties to U.S. neoconservatives that is notorious for publishing tirades about Islam’s purported take over of the West.
The Institute for the Study of War is a D.C.-based counterinsurgency think tank that has supported long-term U.S. military intervention in the Greater Middle East, especially Iraq and Afghanistan.
The Institute of World Politics is a Washington, D.C.-based graduate school closely tied to right-wing networks in the United States.
The Institute on Religion and Democracy, a conservative Christian advocacy group with roots in Cold War neoconservative advocacy, fashions itself as "a watchdog of the religious and evangelical left."
The Institute on Religion and Public life publishes First Things magazine, a journal of contemporary religious right thought.
The International Assessment and Strategy Center (IASC) is a rightist think tank that purports to focus on “medium and long-term security issues and their impact on the security of the United States and her key interests and allies.”
The International Intelligence Summit is a forum for intelligence and military experts who advocate new tactics in the “war on terror.”
Along with its Democratic-aligned counterpart, the taxpayer-funded International Republican Institute has often been accused of subverting democracy abroad while claiming to foster it.
The Iran Policy Committee is a largely defunct organization that has pushed for a policy of regime change in Iran and has supported the controversial Mujahedin-e Khalq (MEK) group.
In March 2011, with the United States engaged in several military conflicts across the Greater Middle East, Freedom House and the Progressive Policy Institute created the Iran Strategy Task Force to lobby the Obama administration to aggressively pursue regime change in Iran.
The bingo magnate and notorious backer of Jewish settlements in Palestinian territories, Irving Moskowitz has also funded the campaigns of rightwing U.S. politicians like Florida Republican Ileana Ros-Lehtinen.
American economist and Rupert Murdoch confidant Irwin Stelzer has a history of neoconservative activism on both sides of the pond.
Waller, a neoconservative academic at the Institute of World Politics, uses his blogs to hype purported threats about sharia law and to promote the argument that the United States should “snatch” the founder of WikiLeaks and pursue espionage charges against him.
J.D. Crouch II is a former deputy national security adviser and assistant to President George W. Bush who helped develop the “troop surge” in Iraq.
J.D. Gordon, a former Navy spokesperson and Pentagon PR officer, is a right-wing beltway lobbyist who served as foreign policy adviser to the Herman Cain campaign.
A decorated retired general credited with helping conceive the Iraq “surge,” Jack Keane has used his military experience to turn a profit in the private sector—most recently as a senior adviser to Academi LLC, the latest incarnation of the notorious Blackwater Worldwide.
A former congressman and standout NFL quarterback who passed away in May 2009, Kemp has been credited with helping shape the modern Republican Party, pushing it to adopt a plank of rightist social policies as well as an interventionist overseas military agenda.
Since Jackson Diehl took over as the Washington Post’s deputy editorial page editor in 2001, the newspaper’s editorial slant has become increasingly hawkish and conservative.
Jaime Daremblum directs the Center for Latin American Studies at the neoconservative Hudson Institute.
Akins, a former U.S. ambassador to Saudi Arabia and advisor to the hawkish Iran Policy Committee, helped play a role forging elite Middle East consensus over Israel during the 1970s and foresaw the popular backlash in the region over U.S. policies.
Conservative journalist and diplomat best known for his prediction, made just before the stock market dropped, that the Dow Jones was on the verge of a tremendous upsurge, James Glassman is a former American Enterprise Institute fellow who hosts the TV show Ideas in Action and directs the George W. Bush Institute.
Kirchick argues that a “leftist McCathyism” has emerged in the United States targeting the loyalty of American Jews, thereby adding his voice to that ofjoining other neoconservative writers who have used reckless claims of anti-semitism to sideline legitimate criticism of one-sided U.S. support for Israel.
Former defense secretary James Mattis lasted two years in the Trump administration despite disagreeing with the president on many key policy issues.
James Roche, a Navy veteran and former secretary of the Air Force, is a defense industry executive and long time supporter of a number of hardline Israel-centric policy groups, including the Washington Institute for Near East Policy and the Center for Security Policy.
James Schlesinger was a former CIA director, Pentagon chief, and energy secretary.
James Woolsey, a former CIA director who views the “war on terror” as the “Long War,” is chairman of the neoconservative Foundation for Defense of Democracies.
The Jamestown Foundation, a Washington, D.C.-based think tank that monitors security trends from Eurasia to Africa, has been dogged by allegations that it secretly works with the CIA and allied governments.
Jamie Fly, a former adviser to the George W. Bush administration, was the executive director of the neoconservative Foreign Policy Initiative before being tapped by Sen. Marco Rubio to be his “counselor for foreign and national security affairs.”
Jared Kushner, Donald Trump’s son-in-law, is the president’s senior adviser, whose dealings with the Persian Gulf leaders have come under scrutiny for conflicts of interest.
Jason Greenblatt served as the Special Representative for International Negotiations for President Donald Trump, primarily working on the Israel-Palestine conflict, during 2017-2019.
Jay Garner is a former U.S. army general who briefly oversaw U.S. reconstruction efforts in postinvasion Iraq.
The first woman to serve as U.S. ambassador to the United Nations and an important intellectual leader of the neoconservative political faction, Jeane J. Kirkpatrick passed away on December 7, 2006....
Jeb Bush is the former Republican governor of Florida and a founding signatory of the Project for the New American Century.
A longtime right-wing activist, Bell sees the Tea Party and social conservatism as being at heart a single movement based on what he terms “America’s founding values.”
Jeffrey Bergner is a corporate lobbyist and longtime supporter of neoconservative groups like the Hudson Institute and the Project for the New American Century.
Jeffrey Gedmin, an early supporter of the Bush administration’s neoconservative agenda, has focused in recent years on soft-power tactics, including “surrogate broadcasting” and free-trade agreements.
A writer for The Atlantic who served in the Israeli military, Goldberg’s publications have often appeared to bolster hawkish U.S. policies in the Middle East, particularly with respect to Iran and Iraq.
Jennifer Rubin is a blogger at the Washington Post who is notorious for her anti-liberal invective and “pro-Israel” advocacy.
The Jerusalem Summit is an Israel-based advocacy outfit that has brought together Evangelical Christians, neoconservatives, and hardline pro-Israel figures from across the globe in an effort to shape the debate over the status of Palestine.
A prominent member of the right-wing “pro-Israel” establishment, JINSA claims to be "the most influential group on the issue of U.S.-Israel military relations."
Former Sen. Jim DeMint (R-SC), a Tea Party firebrand, is the president of the conservative Heritage Foundation.
Former Sen. Jim Talent (R-MO), a stalwart advocate of Pentagon spending now based at the right-wing Heritage Foundation, says he would have voted for the Iraq War even if he had known the Bush administration’s claims about WMDs were false.
Joe Lieberman, the neoconservative Democrat from Connecticut who retired from the Senate in 2013, co-chairs a foreign policy project at the American Enterprise Institute.
Former attorney general John Ashcroft is closely associated with some of the Bush administration’s more controversial counterterrorism policies.
The controversial war hawk briefly served as Donald Trump’s national security adviser and was ambassador to the UN during the heady days of the “war on terror.”
John Danilovich, a retired diplomat and corporate executive, has worked to use U.S. foreign aid to push countries to make reforms that reflect “American values.”
John Foster, Jr., a nuclear physicist who has worked in the U.S. nuclear weapons complex since the early atomic era, is a longtime proponent of a robust U.S. nuclear arsenal and has been a participant in several militarist advocacy campaigns.
The millionaire pastor of the Cornerstone Church in Texas, John Hagee argues that U.S. support for Israel will play a “a pivotal role in the second coming” of Jesus. He has also risen to new prominence during the Trump administration.
John Hannah, Dick Cheney’s national security adviser, is now a leading advocate for regime change in both Iran and Syria based at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies.
The John Hay Initiative is a neoconservative-dominated group that has helped shape the foreign policy discussion of the 2016 Republican presidential race.
John F. Lehman heads a private equity firm whose investment interests dovetail with his hawkish political advocacy, which has included supporting several GOP presidential campaigns and the work of numerous neoconservative pressure groups.
The John M. Olin Foundation, which shuddered in 2005, was a major conservative grant-making foundation that aided the rise of the modern conservative movement./p>
Sen. John McCain (R-AZ) is one of the Senate’s leading hawks on foreign policy, having promoted U.S. military intervention throughout the Great Middle East for many years.
An important proponent of counterinsurgency, John Nagl was president of the Center for a New American Security, an influential inside-the-beltway think tank with close ties to the Obama administration and neoconservatives.
Controversial Reagan-era official John Negroponte served as the first national intelligence director during the George W. Bush administration.
The former U.S. “Drug Czar,” John Walters continues to worry about “narcoterrorism” from his perch as an executive at the Hudson Institute.
John Yoo is a former deputy assistant attorney general known for his extreme views on executive wartime powers and for helping author the George W. Bush administration's infamous “torture memos.”
Huntsman, the millionaire scion of the Huntsman chemical empire, is a former Utah governor who served as President Obama’s first ambassador to China and was a candidate for the 2012 GOP presidential nomination.
Jon Kyl, a hawkish conservative, served in the Senate from 1996-2013 and again in 2018, and helped guide Brett Kavanaugh through his confirmation process.
Jon Lerner is a conservative political strategist and top adviser to US Ambassador to the UN Nikki Haley. He was a key figure in the “Never Trump” Campaign, which appears to have led to his being ousted as Vice President Mike Pence’s national security adviser.
Josh Block, the president and CEO of The Israel Project, frequently makes ad hominem attacks on critics of Israeli policies, accusing them of them anti-Semitism. He describes TIP’s mission as “blunting the spread of false, malignant, even anti-Semitic claptrap.”
Joshua Katzen, a Boston-based real estate developer and president of the right-wing Jewish New Service, is closely tied to neoconservative advocacy networks in the United States.
Joshua Muravchik, a neoconservative ideologue based at the School of Advanced International Studies, has longed pushed for U.S.-led wars in the Middle East and has a track record attacking people who criticize Israel.
John Tkacik is a former State Department officer who has partnered with leading neoconservatives to advocate robust U.S. support for Taiwan and hawkish defense policies.
Julie Finley, a founding member of the Committee for the Liberation of Iraq, is a former U.S. ambassador to the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe.
GOP strategist and super-PAC head Karl Rove is renowned for being ruthless in trying to win elections.
Karl Zinsmeister, head of President George W. Bush's Domestic Policy Council, has worked at the American Enterprise Institute and the Philanthropy Roundtable.
Kathleen Bailey is a former U.S. arms control official and a senior associate at the National Institute for Public Policy, a hawkish think tank based in Washington, D.C, that has been home to a number of outspoken proponents of aggressive U.S. strategic weapons policies.
This new rightwing pressure group—led by Liz Cheney and William Kristol—is circulating a petition pushing to keep “Gitmo” open, claiming it is a “safe, secure, and humane” way to keep “terrorists” locked up.
One of a string of astrotruf groups launched by neoconservatives and Christian Right figures, Keep Israel Safe produced several webvideos that mischaracterize the Obama administration’s policies on Israel and Iran.
Keith Kellogg, national security adviser to Vice President Mike Pence, is a passionate supporter of Trump’s foreign policy.
The head of the National Institute for Public Policy, Keith Payne is an outspoken advocate of militarist U.S. strategic weapons policies.
Kelly Ayotte was a Republican senator from New Hampshire who is close to right-wing and neoconservative factions.
A longtime Washington insider closely aligned with neoconservatives, Ken Adelman has served several Republican administrations since the mid-1970s and was a vocal proponent of the invasion of Iraq.
Conservative author and occasional political candidate Kenneth Timmerman has a long history of pushing for regime change in Iran and promoting an aggressive U.S. foreign policy.
Kenneth Weinstein is the president and CEO of the Hudson Institute, a Washington, D.C.-based think tank that has been a key member of the neoconservative network for decades.
Kerry Healey helped recruit Mitt Romney into Massachusetts politics and was a trusted foreign policy adviser to his presidential campaigns.
Kim Holmes, a longtime foreign policy director at the right-wing Heritage Foundation, promotes increased defense budgets and “American exceptionalism.”
A military historian, Kimberly Kagan heads the Institute for the Study of War, where she has promoted the continuation of U.S. war in Afghanistan.
The Klarman Family Foundation, the charitable organization of billionaire hedge fund investor Seth Klarman, supports an array of rightest “pro-Israel” groups.
Paul Bremer is a former diplomat who served as the Bush administration's envoy in postwar Iraq.
Laurence Silberman, a senior justice on the Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia, was a mentor to controversial Supreme Court Justice Brett Kavanaugh and has been a vocal supporter of right-wing foreign and domestic agendas, including the campaign to support the invasion of Iraq.
Laurent Murawiec was a French-American geostrategist and hawkish pundit who was notorious for his efforts to promote U.S. military action against Saudi Arabia.
A founder of the Republican Jewish Coalition, Lawrence Kadish has been a prominent backer of a number of neoconservative and right-wing “pro-Israel” groups.
Lee Smith, a senior fellow at the neoconservative Hudson Institute, has a track record of levelling accusations of anti-Semitism against those he disagrees with.
An investment banker who advocates supply-side economics and a return to the gold standard, Lehrman has supported a number of militarist pressure groups since the Cold War, including the Project for the New American Century and the Reagan-era Citizens for America.
Leon Wieseltier, a columnist at the Atlantic and the former literary editor of the New Republic, is a harsh critic of Obama administration’s Middle East policy and has frequently pushed for U.S. military intervention in the Middle East.
The former head of AmeriCorps and a long-time philanthropic supporter of neoconservatism, Lenkowksy accuses Obama of pushing policies that will hurt charitable giving...
I. Lewis “Scooter” Libby, a key neoconservative figure and former chief of staff to Vice President Dick Cheney, was convicted as part of the investigation into the outing of CIA operative Valerie Plame’s and later pardoned by Donald Trump.
The Lexington Institute, which has been called “the defense industry's pay-to-play ad agency,” is notorious for accepting large donations from military contractors to publish studies advocating military spending programs.
Although perhaps best known for her anti-labor views, conservative activist (and former Labor Secretary nominee) Linda Chavez has a long track record of backing neoconservative causes.
Lindsey Graham (R-SC) is one of the Senate’s more vocal hawks, and one of the prime vacillators among Republicans between objecting to and supporting Donald Trump.
Linton Brooks is a former arms control negotiator and energy undersecretary who was instrumental in charting an aggressive U.S. nuclear posture during the George W. Bush administration.
Lynne Cheney is a senior fellow at the American Enterprise Institute who writes on American history and culture.
Retired Sen. Malcolm Wallop (R-WY) is an old-school Cold Warrior who continues to promote rightwing defense and foreign policy initiatives as chair of Frontiers of Freedom.
The Manhattan Institute for Policy Research is an influential conservative think tank based in New York.
Marc Thiessen, a former speechwriter for President George W. Bush, is a Washington Post columnist and American Enterprise Institute visiting fellow known for his defense of hawkish U.S. security and defense policies, including “enhanced interrogation techniques."
Sen. Marco Rubio (R-FL) is known for his hawkish views on foreign policy and close ties to prominent neoconservatives.
Mario Loyola, a frequent contributor to the National Review, champions U.S. preemptive war, especially in the Middle East.
The late Mark Broxmeyer, an erstwhile Long Island real estate mogul, was a major fundraiser for the neoconservative Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs, along with a host of Republican Party initiatives.
Mark Dubowitz, an oft-quoted Iran hawk who directs the neoconservative Foundation for Defense of Democracies, thinks that democracy in the Middle East has been a mistake, preferring for the promotion of "inclusive authoritarianism" in the region.
Mark Falcoff, long an avid backer of U.S. intervention in Latin America, thinks Venezuela is headed for civil war if President Hugo Chavez dies.
Mark Gerson, author of the 1996 book The Neoconservative Vision, an oft-cited sycophantic book about the roots and trajectory of the political faction, is CEO of Gerson Lehrman Group, a consulting firm of global experts.
Former Sen Mark Kirk (R-IL) is an advisor for United Against Nuclear Iran. He is an outspoken advocate for aggressive action against Iran and a fierce defender of right-wing Israeli policies.
A State Department official during the Bush administration with a history of working for neoconservative groups, Lagon recently became a visiting professor at Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service.
A former diplomat and longstanding democracy promoter who has supported the work of several neoconservative advocacy groups, Palmer has been a vociferous critic of the Obama administration’s track record in supporting internet freedom in China and Iran.
Marshall Wittmann, spokesperson for the American Israel Public Affairs Committee, is a political operative in Washington, D.C. who has long been associated with militarist and “pro-Israel” factions connected to both the Republican and Democratic Parties.
Anderson is a fellow at the Hoover Institution and a veteran foreign policy hawk whose career has included serving four Republican presidents.
Matthew Levitt is the director of WINEP’s Stein Program on Counterterrorism and Intelligence.
Matthew Taylor is a filmmaker with ties to the Republican Party and other right-wing political factions.
Max Boot, neoconservative military historian at the Council on Foreign Relations, on Trump and Russia: “At every turn Trump is undercutting the ‘get tough on Russia’ message because he just can’t help himself, he just loves Putin too much.”
Max Kampelman was a Cold War-era arms control negotiator who supported numerous neoconservative policy campaigns.
Previously a special assistant to President George W. Bush, Meghan O’Sullivan is a professor at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government who argues that sanctions aren’t aggressive enough to achieve change in the Middle East.
Mehdi Khalaji is a senior fellow at the hawkish Washington Institute for Near East Policy.
Melvin Sembler is high-powered Republican Party donor and real estate magnate who has a long track record backing neoconservative groups like Keep America Safe and the American Enterprise Institute.
Longtime neoconservative activist Meyrav Wurmser has spoken out against a nuclear-weapons-free zone in the Middle East and worked with organizations that have contributed to the spread of Islamophobia in the United States and abroad.
Michael Chertoff, a former secretary of homeland security, has aggressively defended the Bush administration’s prosecution of the “war on terror,” including its controversial detention of Arab and Muslim immigrants who were never charged with any crimes.
Michael Evans is a Christian Zionist writer who opposes the two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
A former Bush administration foreign policy adviser, Michael Doran is a fellow at the neoconservative Hudson Institute who has promoted U.S. “regime change” strategies for a host of countries in the Middle East.
Michael Flynn is a former Trump administration National Security Advisor who was forced to step down only weeks on the job because of his controversial contacts with Russian officials before Trump took office.
Michael Gerson, an evangelical Christian who served as a chief aide and speechwriter in the George W. Bush White House, is a conservative columnist for the Washington Post and one of Donald Trump’s harshest critics on the right, calling him an “unhinged president."
Michael Goldfarb is a neoconservative pundit, activist, and consultant who has proven adept at funneling anonymous Republican donations into high-profile advocacy efforts.
Former CIA director Michael Hayden, a stalwart advocate of the Bush-era policies on torture and warrantless wiretapping, has been a vocal critic of Donald Trump
Michael Joyce, who passed away in 2006, was once described by neoconservative guru Irving Kristol as the "godfather of modern philanthropy."
Michael Ledeen, a “Freedom Scholar” at the neoconservative Foundation for Defense of Democracies, has long been obsessed with getting the U.S. to force regime change in Tehran.
A dual U.S.-Israeli citizen who advocates a "credible" U.S. military threat against Iran, Michael Makovsky is the CEO of the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs, a “pro-Israel” policy group that specializes in encouraging military-to-military ties between the United States and Israel.
Michael O’Hanlon, a fellow at the Brookings Institution, is a well-known “liberal interventionist” who often teams up with rightwing hawks to advocate U.S. military action abroad.
A former Israeli ambassador to the United States, Michael Oren is a rightist politician in Israel who has promoted extremist views regarding Middle East affairs, U.S. politicians, and Jewish Americans.
Michael Rubin, a veteran of the Bush-era Office of Special Plans, is a neoconservative pundit based at the American Enterprise Institute.
Tea Party favorite Rep. Michele Bachmann (R-MN), who retired from Congress in 2014, was notorious for her rampant Islamophobia—including calling for a “war on Islam”—during her tenure on the Hill.
Michele Flournoy is a former undersecretary of defense for policy in the Obama administration and co-founder of the “liberal hawk” Center for a New American Security.
Founded by Daniel Pipes, the Middle East Forum is a controversial Philadelphia-based policy institute that is notorious for its extremist rhetoric about Islam and Middle East politics.
The “nonpartisan” MEMRI, which has received funding from the U.S. State Department and dozens of U.S.-based foundations, has drawn fire for its ties to neoconservative and anti-Islamic organizations, as well as for producing selective and at times inaccurate translations of Middle Eastern sources.
Midge Decter, a controversial writer and activist who is a member of the influential neoconservative Podhoretz family, is known for her diatribes against feminism as well her hawkish foreign policy views.
Mike Huckabee, a former governor of Arkansas and an evangelical pastor, is a far-right pundit known for his hawkish policies and opposition to an Israeli peace deal with the Palestinians.
Mike Pompeo, Donald Trump second secretary of state, has driven a hawkish foreign policy in Iran and Latin America.
Mira Ricardel, former weapons marketer for Boeing, is the deputy national security adviser under John Bolton. She is a well-known foreign policy hawk who has served in key positions in the administration of George W. Bush and, earlier, in the office of former Senator Robert Dole (R-KS).
Missouri State University’s Department of Defense and Strategic Studies is a stronghold of rightist foreign policy scholars.
Former diplomat Mitchell Reiss has been an advocate for the MEK and has been critical of the Obama administration’s nuclear negotiations with Iran.
Mitt Romney, former governor of Massachusetts and two-time failed presidential candidate, is a foreign policy hawk with neoconservative leanings who appears set to become the next senator from Utah.
Amitay has been a key “pro-Israel” lobbyist for decades, serving as head of American Israeli Public Affairs Committee and chair of the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs.
Morton Klein is the president of the right-wing Zionist Organization of America (ZOA), a virulently anti-Palestinian advocacy group.
Though billing itself as a nonpartisan organization to “support the troops,” Move America Forward pursues a hawkish agenda aimed at increasing U.S. military intervention abroad.
Natan Sharansky is a former Soviet dissident and Likud Party official in Israel whose hardline ideas about Middle East peace have been championed by neoconservatives and other rightist political actors in the United States.
The taxpayer-funded National Endowment for Democracy has often been accused of profoundly anti-democratic behavior.
This Cold War era think tank has found new reasons for promoting extravagant U.S. defenses, including to defend against “terrorist-supporting” states like Iran.
The National Interest is a realist-leaning foreign policy magazine founded by Irving Kristol and later taken over by the Nixon Center.
In a new report, the National Strategy Information Center, which has been promoting militarist U.S. foreign policies since the 1960s, hypes the notion that the world is on the verge of chaos and that shadowy forces are engaged in an existential battle “against the West.”
Founded to help ensure Europe’s allegiance to U.S. policies, the now-defunct New Atlantic Initiative was aimed in part at preventing the emergence of a European strategic rival to the United States.
Although overlooked by President Trump for cabinet post, Gingrich has tried to shape affairs in the administration, including by conspiring with government officials to “purge the State Department of staffers they viewed as insufficiently loyal” to the president.
Under the guise of seeking accountability and transparency, the neoconservative-linked NGO Monitor launches partisan-minded assaults against NGOs who criticize the Israeli government.
Nicholas Eberstadt is a conservative political economist and demographer based at the American Enterprise Institute.
Nick Schulz is the DeWitt Wallace Fellow at the neoconservative American Enterprise Institute, where he serves as editor of AEI’s in-house magazine The American.
Nikki Haley, Donald Trump’s first U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, is known for her lock-step support for Israel and is widely considered to be a future presidential candidate.
An heir to the Sears Roebuck fortune, Nina Rosenwald has been dubbed “the sugar mama of anti-Muslim hate” for her philanthropy supporting right-wing and anti-Islamic groups in the United States.
Nina Shea directs the Center for International Religious Freedom at the neoconservative Hudson Institute.
An apparent rising star In the neoconservative firmament, Emergency Committee for Israel spokesman Noah Pollak wants “a pro-Israel group representing every pro-Israel person on earth.”
Norm Coleman is a lobbyist for the Saudi Arabian government, chair of the Republican Jewish Coalition, and former senator from Minnesota, known for hawkish, pro-Likud, and anti-Iran foreign policy views.
Before his death on October 24, 2007, Norman Hascoe served as president of the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs (JINSA), a neoconservative-aligned advocacy outfit that strives to link...
Former Commentary editor Norman Podhoretz has been a leading writer and ideologue of the neoconservative movement since the group began to emerge in the late 1960s.
Former Lockheed Martin CEO Norman Augustine embodies the connections among the defense industry, hardline pressure groups, and hawkish think tanks.
NORPAC is a New Jersey-based political action committee that supports legislators who favor hardline "pro-Israel" policies.
The Office of Iranian Affairs (OIA) was created in early 2006 within the U.S. State Department's Bureau of Near East Affairs, apparently as part of an effort to channel funds to groups that could...
The Office of Special Plans was a controversial Pentagon policy outfit that was widely accused of providing the George W. Bush administration with inaccurate, skewed intelligence linking Iraq and al-Qaeda in an effort to justify the 2003 invasion of Iraq.
One Jerusalem is a right-wing advocacy group that opposes any Israeli-Palestinian peace agreement that cedes part of Jerusalem to the Palestinians.
Otto Reich, a former diplomat who was involved in the Iran-Contra scandal, is a strident Latin America hawk who has lobbied for right-wing governments in the region.
Pamela Geller is a controversial anti-Islam activist who has founded several “hate groups” and likes to repeat debunked myths, including about the alleged existence of “no-go” Muslim zones in Europe.
Patrick Clawson is director of research at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy, a spin-off of the American Israel Public Affairs Committee that is known for promoting hawkish U.S. policies in the Middle East.
Paul Ryan (R-WI), Speaker of the House from 2015-2018, was known for his extremely conservative economic and social views and hawkish foreign policies.
Billionaire hedge fund mogul Paul Singer is known for his predatory business practices and support for neoconservative causes.
Retired Maj. Gen. Paul E. Vallely is a former military analyst for Fox News who promotes outlandish conspiracies about President Obama and has expressed a desire to lead a coup against the U.S. government.
Paul Weyrich, a key strategist of the New Right, passed away on December 18, 2008. He was 66 years old. Sometimes referred to as a “pillar of the modern conservative movement,”...
Paul Wolfowitz, a visiting fellow at the neoconservative American Enterprise Institute, is a controversial former World Bank chief and Pentagon official who was closely involved in the decision to invade Iraq in 2003.
Dobriansky, a Bush administration undersecretary of state and supporter of the Project for a New American Century’s militarist advocacy campaigns, is a fellow at Harvard’s Belfer Center and adviser to the neoconservative Foundation for Defense of Democracies.
Penn Kemble was influential organizer of an array of neoconservative causes for more than three decades.
The People’s Mujahedin of Iran, or MEK, advocates regime change in Iran and has strong connections with a wide range of top political figures in the U.S.
Pete Wilson is a former governor of California known for his anti-immigration initiatives and hawkish positions on foreign policy.
An Iranian-American activist and former intern at the American Enterprise Institute, Peter Kohanloo has harshly criticized fellow Iranian Americans who are opposed to regime change in Iran.
Peter Rodman, who passed away in 2008, was assistant secretary of defense for international security under Donald Rumsfeld during the George W. Bush administration.
A former adviser to President George W. Bush, Wehner has used his perch at the neoconservative Ethics and Public Policy Center to promote militarist U.S. foreign policies and a conservative Christian domestic agenda.
The Philanthropy Roundtable is a research and advocacy group that helps right-wing donors funnel money to a number of different philanthropic and political causes.
The new owner of neocon mouthpiece the Weekly Standard is an Evangelical business tycoon whose media holdings provide a powerful voice for his rightwing views on taxes, national security, and family values.
Philip Merrill, a minor media mogul and former president of the U.S. Export-Import Bank, was found dead in the Chesapeake Bay in late June 2006, apparently the victim of a self-inflicted gunshot...
The Philos project is a Christian advocacy organization that promotes hawkish U.S. policies towards the Middle East.
Phyllis Kaminsky is long-standing Republican Party insider who has been associated with several rightist “pro-Israel” groups in the United States.
Los Angeles-based lawyer Pierre Prosper, a foreign policy adviser to Mitt Romney’s 2012 presidential bid, served as Ambassador-at-Large for War Crimes in the U.S. State Department during the early years of the “war on terror,” where he proved to be feckless in pursuing investigations into alleged war crimes of U.S. allies.
Policy Exchange is a neoconservative think tank in the United Kingdom with close ties to former PM David Cameron. It has recently focused on what it says is extremism in Britain’s Muslim community.
The Progressive Policy Institute, the think tank of the now-defunct Democratic Leadership Council, promotes a hawkish line on foreign policy, including getting tough with Iran.
The defunct Project for the New American Century, a key promoter of the decision to invade Iraq, was at one time regarded as the foremost purveyor of neoconservative thinking on foreign affairs.
The Project on Transitional Democracies, a successor group to the U.S. Committee on NATO, promotes reforms in post-Soviet states and has pressed a get-tough line on Russia.
Réalité-EU is a hawkish policy outfit that promotes aggressive European policies toward Iran and other “threats” in the Middle East.
Rachel Abrams was a member of a well-established neoconservative family who blogged for the Weekly Standard and served as a board member of the Emergency Committee for Israel.
Rachel Ehrenfeld is a controversial neoconservative writer and the founder of the American Center for Democracy.
Rachelle Horowitz is a longtime social democrat who helped to organize the 1963 March on Washington but later drifted toward hawkish anticommunism and supported the war in Iraq.
Randal Fort, an assistant secretary for intelligence and research in the State Department during the second term of George W. Bush’s presidency, is director at the Raytheon Corporation.
Randy Scheunemann is a neoconservative lobbyist and a past foreign policy adviser to Sarah Palin.
Raphael Shore is the Israel-based founder and president of the Clarion Project, a U.S. right-wing group that produces alarmist films about “radical Islam.”
Ray Takeyh is a senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations and a former official in the Obama State Department who promotes a hawkish line on U.S. relations with Iran.
Tanter, founder of the hawkish Iran Policy Committee, is an ardent support of the controversial Mujahedin-e Khalq, an Iranian opposition group that was listed by the State Department as a terrorist organization.
Touting itself as the “the nation’s leading conservative publisher,” 1 Regnery Publishing was founded by Henry Regnery in 1947 in Chicago. Initially affiliated with the University...
A former Air Force pilot and Vietnam veteran, Rep. Steve Pearce has been a reliable vote for war funding and increased defense spending.
The Republican Jewish Coalition is a right wing Jewish advocacy groups that promotes an aggressive pro-Israel and anti-Iran policy.
Reuel Marc Gerecht, a senior fellow at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies, has been advocating regime change in Iran since even before 9/11.
Ensconced at the conservative Hoover Institution, this former member of Donald Rumsfeld’s Defense Policy Board now seems to spend much of his time distressing over President Obama and venerating the memory of Ronald Reagan...
Richard Goldberg is an aide to Trump administration National Security Adviser John Bolton. He was formerly a senior adviser at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies and a foreign policy aide to former Sen. Mark Kirk (R-IL).
Richard Grenell, a Republican operative known for his polarizing views and controversial work for foreign governments, is an outspoken Trump supporter and served as his ambassador to Germany and acting intelligence chief.
"Father Richard," as he was called by President George W. Bush and others, was a Catholic priest and the president of the neoconservative-aligned Institute on Religion and Public Life...
Richard Perle, a resident fellow at the American Enterprise Institute and former adviser to various Republican administrations, is widely considered a core representative of the neoconservative political faction.
Richard Pipes, a Polish-American historian of Russia and Communism at Harvard University, was a key anti-Soviet crusader in the 1970s and 1980s who has since advocated bringing Russia into the "Western" fold.
Richard Williamson, a former U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, was one of the Romney campaign’s more aggressive surrogates on foreign policy, claiming that Romney would put military force on “on the table” to prevent an Iranian “nuclear breakout.”
Energy Secretary Rick Perry announced that he will step down from his post weeks after he was tied to President Trump's Ukraine scandal, and then refused to testify at impeachment hearings which his assistant termed a "secret star chamber inquisition."
Rick Santorum, a former GOP presidential candidate and senator from Pennsylvania, has championed starkly right-wing social programs as well as a militarist overseas agenda.
Robert Bork, a one-time Supreme Court nominee and right-wing icon, passed away in December 2012.
A professor at Georgetown University and a former member of the Committee on the Present Danger, Robert Lieber is a leading neoconservative academic.
Robert J. Loewenberg heads the quixotic Institute for Advanced Strategic and Political Studies, the Jerusalem-based right-wing think tank notorious for its more-hawkish-than-Likud take on Middle East peace.
Robert Joseph played a role manipulating U.S. intelligence to support the invasion of Iraq and later became a lobbyist for controversial Iran opposition groups.
Robert Kagan, a cofounder of the Project for the New American Century, is a neoconservative policy pundit and historian based at the Brookings Institution.
Robert Livingston is a former congressman from Louisiana who heads the lobbying firm the Livingston Group, and has served as a advisor to the neoconservative Center for Security Policy.
Sen. Robert Menendez (D-NJ), chair of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, has emerged as one of the Democratic Party's most hawkish legislators.
Robert P. George is a social conservative activist and academic who was once dubbed "this country’s most influential conservative Christian thinker."
One of the leading purveyors of anti-Islamic rhetoric in the United States, Robert Spencer has been at the forefront of theatrical efforts to ban sharia law from U.S. courtrooms.
A former World Bank president, George W. Bush administration trade representative, and supporter of the Project for the New American Century, Zoellick is now a senior fellow at Harvard’s Belfer Center.
Bonazzi is the executive director of the neoconservative-aligned European Foundation for Democracy, based in Brussels.
Roger Noriega, a former Bush administration policymaker now at the American Enterprise Institute, is a longtime champion of neo-liberalism and hardline U.S. security policies in Latin America.
Ron Dermer is the Israeli ambassador to the United States and has deep connections to the Republican Party and the neoconservative movement.
A retired U.S. Air Force general and defense industry executive, Fogleman has been a long time government adviser on defense and security policy.
Rudolph Giuliani is a lawyer and Republican politician who was mayor of New York City from 1994-2001. A foreign policy hawk and vocal supporter of Donald Trump, Giuliani recently joined Trump’s legal team to add pressure on the special council to wrap up the investigation into alleged collusion with Russia in U.S. elections.
The Commission to Assess the Ballistic Missile Threat to the United States, commonly called the Rumsfeld Commission or the Rumsfeld Missile Commission after its chair Donald Rumsfeld, operated from...
The Commission to Assess United States National Security Space Management and Organization, frequently called the Rumsfeld Space Commission or simply the Space Commission, was established in 1999 by...
Rupert Murdoch is the head of News Corp, the parent company of Fox News, and a long-time supporter of neoconservative campaigns to influence U.S. foreign policy.
Ruth Wedgwood, an international law scholar based at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies and vice chair of the neoconservative Freedom House, is a staunch defender of the “war on terror” and a proponent of a right-wing "pro-Israel" U.S. foreign policy.
Ryan Mauro, a national security analyst at the controversial Clarion Project, is an avid promoter of sensationalist stories about Muslim groups in the United States.
Sam Brownback—Ambassador-at-Large for International Religious Freedom under President Trump, former governor of Kansas, and U.S. Senator—is a leading social conservative as well as an outspoken “pro-Israel” hawk on U.S. Middle East policy.
Sarah Stern is the founder and president Endowment for Middle East Truth and an adviser to the Clarion Fund.
The Scaife Foundations are a collection of conservative foundations that have helped bankroll the modern American conservative movement.
Gov. Scott Walker of Wisconsin is notorious for pushing through far-right policies in his home state and hawkish foreign policies as a presidential candidate.
Secure America Now (SAN) is a right-wing advocacy group founded in 2011 by pollsters John McLaughlin and Pat Caddell.
Criticized for offering trainings to law enforcement agencies that promote prejudicial profiling of Muslims, SSI hypes the threat of “radical Islam” to market its anti-terror products in the United States and Israel.
Cropsey is a fellow at the neoconservative Hudson Institute, where he writes screeds accusing President Obama of “appeasing” America’s enemies and attacking his efforts at rapprochement with the Muslim world.
Seth Klarman is a billionaire hedge fund investor and prolific funder of an array of hardline “pro-Israel” groups.
Seth Leibsohn is a fellow at the Claremont Institute, executive director of Americans for Victory over Terrorism, and producer of Bill Bennett's Morning In America.
Casino magnate Sheldon Adelson uses his enormous campaign donations to exert heavy influence on Republican foreign policy and tilt it in a hawkish, pro-Israeli right wing direction.
Shmuley Boteach is a “celebrity rabbi” known for his controversial “pro-Israel” advocacy.
Following her acrimonious departure from JINSA, “pro-Israel” hawk Shoshana Bryen will carry on her advocacy efforts at the conservative Jewish Policy Center.
The Smith Richardson Foundation is often associated with a passel of foundations that buttress the American Right.
The Society of Americans for National Existence is an anti-Muslim advocacy group that has spearheaded efforts to get U.S. states to pass laws criminalizing sharia law.
An Iranian-American writer who supports a U.S. attack on Iran, Sohrab Ahmari has been described as “the neocons’ favorite Iranian” and likened to Iraq’s Ahmed Chalabi.
A longtime defense industry executive, Stanley Ebner has also supported the hawkish Center for Security Policy.
Stephen Bryen has played an important role forging connections between right-wing advocacy groups, conservative policy elites, weapons contractors, and the U.S. “pro-Israel” lobby.
The Pentagon’s first-ever undersecretary of defense for intelligence—the “defense intelligence czar”—Stephen Cambone was closely involved in Pentagon efforts to loosen interrogation guidelines for “war on terror” detainees.
Stephen Hadley, an Iraq War hawk and former national security adviser to President George W. Bush, now chairs the U.S. Institute for Peace.
Stephen Rademaker, a lobbyist and lawyer who served as an assistant secretary of state in the George W. Bush administration, is a project adviser at the hawkish Bipartisan Policy Center and a principal of the Podesta Group.
Steve Forbes, head of the Forbes magazine empire, is an active supporter of a number of militarist policy organizations that have pushed for aggressive U.S. foreign policies.
Despite his history of making questionable claims, self-proclaimed terrorism “expert” Steve Emerson has made a lucrative career warning about terrorist threats and condemning Islamists.
Steven J. Rosen, who directs the Washington Program at the neoconservative Middle East Forum, is a former pioneering AIPAC lobbyist who was indicted for allegedly passing Pentagon secrets to the Israeli government.
Arguably the most notorious attempt by right-wing figures to challenge the authority of the CIA ("Team A") over intelligence—similar to the effort by the Pentagon's Office of...
The now-defunct internet magazine Tech Central Station served as a platform for advocates of militarist U.S. foreign policies.
Although better known for his domestic platform promoting “limited” government, Sen. Ted Cruz (R-TX) has expressed strong sympathies for projecting U.S. military power abroad.
The Israel Project is a “pro-Israel,” neoconservative-leaning advocacy group that boasts a bipartisan cast of congressional “advisers.”
Forstmann, a high-powered business executive who is considered a pioneer of modern corporate buyouts, has supported the work of various neoconservative groups.
Thomas Dine, former director of the American Israel Public Affairs Committee and Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, has supported both moderate and hawkish Mideast policy campaigns.
Thomas Donnelly, a fellow at the American Enterprise Institute, thinks that U.S. military power is the only guarantor of global stability.
Thomas McInerney is a retired air force general who complements his military contractor work with hawkish foreign policy advocacy.
Retired General Thomas Moorman has represented defense industry interests at the same time as he served on government boards promoting weapons programs.
A major figure in U.S. organized labor, Donahue was an ardent anti-communist during the Cold War.
Thomas White is a former Enron executive whose tenure as Secretary of the Army was marked by investigations into his corporate ties and high-profile clashes with Donald Rumsfeld over Iraq planning.
The Tikvah Fund has worked closely with neoconservative think tanks and media outlets as well as many universities to promote conservative ideologies.
A neoconservative media consultant and former AIPAC spokesperson, Toby Dershowitz is vice president of the Likud-linked Foundation for Defense of Democracies.
A research fellow at the Hoover Institution, Lindberg has supported a number of advocacy campaigns spearheaded by neoconservative groups, including the Project for the New American Century and the Foreign Policy Initiative.
Sen. Tom Cotton (R-AR) is an outspoken promoter of aggressive U.S. foreign policies whose comments often combine right-wing Republican populism and neoconservativism.
Tom Karako is a visiting professor at Kenyon College, a fellow at the Claremont Institute, and a senior adviser for Americans for Victory over Terrorism.
Tom Tancredo, the former House Republican notorious for his anti-immigrant activism, has become a leading promoter of Islamophobic rhetoric in the United States.
Tommy Thompson, a former governor of Wisconsin who served as secretary of Health and Human Services during the George W. Bush administration, was an unsuccessful candidate for the U.S. Senate during the 2012 elections.
This Brussels-based organization, founded by the American Jewish Committee, has served as an outlet for neoconservative advocacy in Europe.
The U.S. Committee for a Free Lebanon (USCFL) is a neoconservative-aligned advocacy group that for years advocated aggressive U.S. policies towards Lebanon and Syria.
Founded to push for the expansion of NATO after the end of the Cold War, the U.S. Committee on NATO was a neoconservative-led initiative closely tied to key Republican Party figures.
Congress established the bipartisan U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission, or U.S.-China Commission as it is commonly known, in October 2000, as part of the 2001 Defense Authorization...
The “nonpartisan” UN Watch, which devotes most of its energy to lambasting UN criticism of Israel, has counted on the financial support of the American Jewish Committee, the Becker Foundation, and a handful of other private donors in recent years.
United against Nuclear Iran is a pressure group that attacks companies doing business in Iran and disseminates alarmist reports about the country's nuclear program.
A Hoover Institution fellow, Victor Davis Hanson is a conservative scholar of the classics and an ardent proponent of more aggressive U.S. actions in the Middle East.
Victoria Coates, member of Donald Trump's National Security Council and former adviser to Sen. Ted Cruz (R-TX), has a long track record of working with hardline foreign policy hawks.
Vin Weber, a former Republican congressman and longtime “superlobbyist” who has supported numerous neoconservative advocacy campaigns, has become embroiled in the special prosecutor’s investigation into the Donald Trump campaign’s potential collusion with Russia during the 2016 presidential election.
A self-styled terrorism “expert” who claims that the killing of Osama bin Laden strengthened Al Qaeda, former right-wing Lebanese militia member Walid Phares wildly claims that the Obama administration gave the Muslim Brotherhood “the green light” to sideline secular Egyptians.
Kansteiner is a long-standing Republican Party operative active in international business and policy initiatives.
The Washington Free Beacon is a news site published by the right-wing Center for American Freedom.
An offshoot of the American Israel Public Affairs Committee, the influential Washington Institute for Near East Policy has been a hawkish centerpiece of the “Israel Lobby” for decades.
The Standard was the flagship journal of neoconservative opinion for more than two decades, before shuddering in 2018.
Will Marshall, cofounder of the Democratic Leadership Council (and head of the Progressive Policy Institute, has been a leading advocate for a more hawkish and “market-friendly” Democratic Party for decades.
Donald Trump's second attorney general, William Barr has been an extreme Trump loyalist, going to extraordinary lengths to shield the president from the scandals that have engulfed his administration.
Former Reagan official and longtime conservative pundit Bill Bennett has used his radio program to hype the views of his former colleagues at the Project for a New American Century.
Former EMP Commission chairman William R. Graham has been a key member of the missile defense lobby for over three decades while at the same time serving as an executive to many defense contractors.
Former Weekly Standard editor and current Fox News commentator Bill Kristol is a longtime neoconservative activist who has been a leading right wing opponent of Donald Trump.
A former Bush administration foreign policy operative, Luti is now a vice president at the neoconservative Hudson Institute.
William Schneider Jr. is an economist and defense industry consultant who has been part of the militarist advocacy community since the late 1960s.
Van Cleave is a former Pentagon official who has been closely associated with hawkish advocacy campaigns for decades, including efforts to derail the Obama administration’s passage of a new START Treaty with Russia.
Zalmay Khalilzad, the Trump administration's special representative to the Afghan peace process, brokered a so-called peace deal with the Taliban in Afghanistan, which was finalized in February 2020. A past supporter of various neoconservative advocacy campaigns, Khalilzad served as U.S. ambassador to Afghanistan, Iraq, and the United Nations under President George W. Bush.
A Lebanese-American investment banker closely tied to many neoconservative figures, Abdelnour wants the United States or Israel to “annihilate” Hezbollah.
Established in Baltimore in 1897, the Zionist Organization of America (ZOA) is the oldest Zionist organization in the United States—and also among the most aggressively anti-Arab ones.